Puno General Information
Puno is a city in southeastern Peru, located on the shore of Lake Titicaca. It is the capital city of the Puno Region and the Puno Province with a population of approximately 149,064 (2014 estimate). Puno is an important agricultural and livestock region; important livestock are llamas and alpacas, which graze on its immense plateaus and plains. Much of the city economy relies on the black market, fueled by cheap goods smuggled in from Bolivia. Puno is served by the Inca Manco Capac International Airport in nearby Juliaca.
Puno Tourist InformationPuno was the territory of the Tiahuanacos (800 A.D. – 1200 A.D.) who were the highest cultural expression of the Aymara people that established themselves in what is today Peru and Bolivia. The Incas took over these lands in the fifteenth century, and the Spanish, attracted by the mining industry developed there, left an important Colonial legacy throughout the entire area. Today, the city of Puno (3,287 masl), which lies on the shores of Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world, is the folklore capital of Peru and the site of the Feast of the Virgen de la Candelaria. In the outskirts, you can visit the spectacular Chullpas de Sillustani, a complex of impressive burial towers built by the Kollas, Juli, famous for its beautiful Colonial churches, Lampa with its vice royal church built between 1675 and 1685, Llachón, a community that still maintains its centuries old customs and cultural expressions, and Pucará, known for its pre-Inca pottery and for the “toritos de Pucará” that the artisans of today create from clay.
It is the highest navigable lake in the world. It has an area of 8560 km2 and a maximum depth of 227 metres and further emphasizes the transparency of its waters. There are 36 islands, the most important Taquile and Amantani. It houses large numbers of birds (like flamingos, huallatas, keles and tiquis), as well as varieties of fish (carachis, pejerreyes, trout, ispis and suches, among others) .. It is the highest navigable lake in the world. It has an area of 8560 km2 and a maximum depth of 227 metres and further emphasizes the transparency of its waters. There are 36 islands, the most important Taquile and Amantani. It houses large numbers of birds (like flamingos, huallatas, keles and tiquis), as well as varieties of fish (carachis, pejerreyes, trout, ispis and suches, among others).
The island floating Uros:
Set of 40 major islands floating totoras, where the inhabitants continue to live as their ancestors, one of the oldest towns in America, maintaining their customs and idiosyncrasies.
Its population is engaged in agriculture and have developed a unique form of tourism communal through which its inhabitants share their food, shelter, custom and traditions.
At its highest hills there are archaeological remains that were centers of worship and worship.
Chullpas of Sillustani:
Archaeological Zone at 34 kilometers from the capital. One of the largest cemeteries in the world. It rose about 4.000 meters s.n.m. In an esplanade that surrounds the beautiful lagoon Umayo. The chullpas are gigantic funerary monuments built by the Colla; are square and circular buildings exceeding 12 meters in height.